Electronic cables come in a variety of sizes, materials, and types, each assembly particularly adapted to its uses. Eletronic cables consist of three major components — conductors, insulations, protection. The constructional detail of individual cables will vary according to their application.
Cable construction and material are determined by the following factors:
- Working voltage, which determines the thickness and composition of the insulation
- Current carrying capacity, which determines the cross-section size of the conductors
- Environmental conditions such as temperature, chemical or sunlight exposure
- Mechanical impact, which determines the form and composition of the cable jacket enclosing conductors
Electronic cables can vary from predominately static to flexible applications and the copper conductors can vary from tinned or bare copper conductors both in solid or stranded wire. Other electrical characteristics will come into play if being used in certain applications, such as capacitance, impedance, and attenuation requirements.
Types of Wire Harness Assemblies